The Rajão is the most popular instrument of Madeira’s folklore. Its tuning resembles the classical guitar in its first 5 strings (bottom to top).
Some musicologists argue that the Rajão comes from the French Viola, which is highly likely given the similarities in shape and tuning. It is a very versatile instrument with a very characteristic sound.
This instrument, which is approximately 70 cm long, was carried by the madeiran to Hawaii, giving the Ukulele.
In its different configurations of construction, these are the most popular:
Top: Linden, Spruce
Sidesand back: Mahogany, Maple, Cherry, Rosewood
Neck: Poplar, Mahogany, Cedar
Fretboard: Wengé,Rosewood, Ebony